A well known king listed on numerous stelas and other documents. The Hyksos made their first appearance during the reign of Sobekhotep IV, and around 1720 BC took control of the town of Avaris (the modern Tell el-Dab'a/Khata'na), conquering the kingdom of the 14th dynasty. Pharaohs had several wives but only one wife was queen. 3100 BC. [2][103], Enigmatic kings, only attested in Lower Nubia, Twenty-Fifth Dynasty (Nubian/Kushite Period), Twenty-Seventh Dynasty (First Persian Period), Thirty-First Dynasty (Second Persian Period). Known only from Ramesside king lists, his "name" is actually a paraphrase pointing out that the original name of the king was already lost in Ramesside times. This is located southwest of Cairo, present-day Egypt. In: Bulletin de L'Institute Français D'Archéologie Orientale (BIFAO) 112. The position of a possible additional ruler, Seankhibtawy Seankhibra, is uncertain. Possibly the immediate predecessor of Narmer. The Twelfth Dynasty ruled from 1991 to 1802 BC. Their chronological position is uncertain.[53][54]. Abydos King List 5. The Twenty-First Dynasty was based at Tanis and was a relatively weak group. Most powerful of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs. Descendant of the Saite pharaohs of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty; led a successful revolt against the Persians. In modern times she is known simply as Cleopatra. Narmer. Close advisor to two and perhaps three of the pharaohs who ruled before him. Also known as Nekhtnebef. Djoser was the first pharaoh to live in Memphis – the royal capital of Egypt. The position and identity of the following pharaohs is uncertain: The Turin King List provides additional names, none of which are attested beyond the list. Manetho said it lasted for about 154 years. Note that the dates given are approximate. The most famous member of this dynasty was Cleopatra VII, in modern times known simply as Cleopatra, who was successively the consort of Julius Caesar and, after Caesar's death, of Mark Antony, having children with both of them. Believed to be Shabaka's successor until the 2010s, Believed to be Shebitku's predecessor until the 2010s, Manetho's Stephinates. Through military dominance abroad, the New Kingdom saw Egypt's greatest territorial extent. Some time after these events, a rival line based at Thebes revolted against their nominal Northern overlords and united Upper Egypt. Die Herausbildung der Schrift der hohen Kultur Altägyptens (= Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 205). The Old Kingdom was a peak of civilisation and achievement. Very short reign, correct chronological position unknown. This page was last changed on 7 September 2020, at 23:11. The Sixth Dynasty ruled from 2345 to 2181 BC. The Old Kingdom is called "the Age of the Pyramids". The latter years of his reign were marked by inefficiency because of his advanced age. Son of Sahure, born with the name Ranefer. The Second Intermediate Period (1802–1550 BC) was a time of chaos between the end of the Middle Kingdom, and the start of the New Kingdom. Coming in eight on the list of most famous pharaohs of Egypt is Pharaoh Djoser. Most likely the pharaoh mentioned in several books of the. He was the eldest son of Cleopatra VII, and possibly the only son of Julius Caesar, after whom he was named. The Old Kingdom rapidly collapsed after the death of Pepi II. During the New Kingdom, Egypt's armies were able to capture nearby countries. The second part of the Eleventh Dynasty is considered to be part of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. Recent evidence suggests Hatshepsut died of, Ruled Egypt at the peak of its power. This is also known as the Libyan Period. Reunified Egypt after a period of troubles ca. Smenkhkare may be a son or son-in-law of Akhenaten, or wife of Akhenaten. A poorly documented Pharaoh, his reign was between 3 and 10 years long. The 16th dynasty only ruled over Upper-Egypt. Alternatively, may have reigned "only" 64 years. 2000. Previously thought to be a 22nd Dynasty pharaoh, he is now known to be the founder of the 23rd. Possibly to be identified with horus Demedjibtawy, in which case he is attested by a decree from the temple of Min. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unfinished Northern Pyramid of Zawyet el'Aryan, Usermaatre/Heqamaatre-setpenamun Ramesses IV, Usermaatre-setpenre-meryamun Ramesses VII, Hedjkheperre-setpenre Nesbanebdjed I (Smendes I), Aakheperre Pasebakhenniut I (Psusennes I), Aakheperre Setepenre Osorkon (Osorkon the Elder), Netjerikheperre-setpenamun Siamun-meryamun, Titkheperure Pasebakhenniut II (Psusennes II), Ankhkaenre Psamtik III (Psammetichus III), Senedjemibre Nakhthorhebyt (Nectanebo II), Setepenre-meryamun Alexander III (Alexander the Great), Weserkare-meryamun Ptolemy II Philadelphos, Zur Aktualität von Jan Assmann: Einleitung in sein Werk, "Amenemhat IV Maakherure (1807/06-1798/97 BC)", "Giant Sarcophagus Leads Penn Museum Team in Egypt To the Tomb of a Previously Unknown Pharaoh", Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt, Egyptian Journey 2003: History: King Lists, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_pharaohs&oldid=994618688, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Only known from clay and stone vessels found in tombs near Tarchan, Tura, Tarjan, and Nagada. 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